Other names: Long-tailed pangolin
IUCN Status: Vulnerable (A4d)
Distribution: Cameroon, Congo, DR Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
Distinguishing characteristics: The black-bellied pangolin’s tail can be twice the length of its body, hence the species’ name. Certain physical characteristics separate the arboreal black-bellied pangolin and white-bellied pangolin from Africa’s ground pangolins, including smaller size, very small first forelimb claws, larger eyes, irregular arrangement of scales, the presence of tails pads used for climbing, a long prehensile tail, and the presence of hair on the lower sections of forelimbs as opposed to scales. Both of the tree-dwelling species have long tails, however the white-bellied pangolin’s is notably shorter
Reproduction: Breeding in the black-bellied pangolin is understood to be almost continuous, with young born after a gestation period of approximately 140 days.
Facts: With 46-47 vertebrae the black-bellied pangolin holds the record for the highest number of vertebrae among mammals.