Other names: Ground pangolin, Cape pangolin
IUCN Status: Vulnerable (A4d)
Distribution: Angola, Botswana, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Distinguishing characteristics: The Temminck’s ground pangolin is the only species found in southern Africa and can be easily distinguished from the two noticeably smaller tree-dwelling African species of pangolin by its fossorial as opposed to arboreal lifestyle and regular scale pattern. Unlike the larger giant pangolin it inhabits dry and arid savannah and desert environments.
Reproduction: The Temminck’s ground pangolin gives birth to a single offspring after a gestation period of approximately 139 days.
Facts: The Temminck’s ground pangolin often uses the burrows of other animals including aardvarks and aardwolves.